Walking into the cyborg gym. Two conceptions of the cyborg athlete

  • Francisco Javier Lopez Frías Pennsylvania State University Rock Ethics Institute


In this paper, I will draw on the different notions of the cyborg to explore the normative implications of technology use in sport. To do so, I will first analyze the colloquial notion of the cyborg (Section 1). Then, I will differentiate between transhuman cyborgs, which are enhanced human beings who keep their defining human characteristics intact from the impact of technology, from posthuman cyborgs, which are beings whose involvement with technology blurs the line between what is human and what is not (Section 2). By applying the transhuman/posthuman distinction to sport, I will differentiate transhuman sport from posthuman sport. These two notions of sport will provide the basis for analyzing two conceptions of the cyborg-athlete: the transhuman cyborg-athlete and the posthuman one (Section 3). To conclude, I will identify the transhuman cyborg-athlete as the prevailing notion of the cyborg in contemporary sports and will present the main normative challenges that each conception of the cyborg-athlete raises.

Biografía del autor/a

Francisco Javier Lopez Frías, Pennsylvania State University Rock Ethics Institute
Francisco Javier López Frías is an assistant professor in the Department of Kinesiology and a research associate in the Rock Ethics Institute. He holds a PhD in Philosophy from the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Valencia, where he also completed a master's program in Ethics and Democracy at the Department of Moral Philosophy.


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