Información científica en Argentina, España y México: fuentes, recursos multimedia y participación de los lectores en los diarios online

Francisco Segado-Boj, María Ángeles Chaparro-Domínguez, Jesús Díaz-Del Campo

Resumen


Este artículo analiza los factores y rasgos comunes presentes en una muestra (n=700) de textos periodísticos sobre ciencia aparecidos en las ediciones online de tres diarios hispanoparlantes de referencia (La Nación de Argentina, El País de España y El Universal de México) en 2010, 2012 y 2014. Mediante un análisis de contenido cuantitativo se miden los principales rasgos comunes en cuanto a temas abordados, fuentes consultadas, recursos multimedia y figuras retóricas utilizadas. Del mismo modo, se calcula la influencia que estos factores ejercen en el número de comentarios y en su viralidad en Twitter. Los resultados apuntan a una tendencia a la personalización de la información científica, donde la autoridad de los circuitos tradicionales -revistas e instituciones- es desplazada por la presencia de los científicos como fuentes personales directas. Por otro lado, se comprueba que la atención temática se ha desplazado desde salud hacia las ciencias naturales.

Citas


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Estudios sobre el Mensaje Periodístico
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ISSN-e 1988-2696

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