Mujer, dolor y Romanticismo: una aproximación reflexiva de la historia del arte a una escultura de una viuda

  • Joana Brites Faculty of Arts and Humanities of the University of Coimbra
  • Marta Barbosa-Ribeiro
Palabras clave: Viudez, Romanticismo, escultura, metodologías de la historia del arte, António Teixeira Lopes

Resumen

Este artículo analiza pormenorizadamente la pieza escultórica La Viuda de António Teixeira Lopes, que, aunque es una de las más famosas de este autor ha sido, a su vez y de manera sorprendente, una de las menos estudiadas hasta la fecha. Así, hay que señalar que en este texto no sólo se ofrece un estudio analítico de la citada pieza, sino que se presenta también con una visión epistemológica de la historia del arte. La Viuda se caracteriza por su sensibilidad romántica por la elección del tema, del que destaca la consideración de la condición social de las viudas y la codificación de su identidad, pero, al mismo tiempo y de manera crítica, se evalúa la relación entre arte y realidad. Así, se justifica que esta obra, que fue concebida en París, tenga un significado especial en relación a los episodios biográficos del autor y su relación con la muerte, así como sus inquietudes profesionales y circunstanciales del entorno artístico que explican la selección del tema. Para completar este análisis, en este artículo la escultura es examinada a fondo, cuestionándose las autoras el significado de cada opción formal, buscando estímulos visuales que pueden haber actuado deliberada o inconscientemente en el proceso creativo. Para concluir, se enfatiza la necesidad de abordar una obra de arte como única y, simultáneamente, como un objeto histórico cronológicamente transversal.

Biografía del autor/a

Joana Brites, Faculty of Arts and Humanities of the University of Coimbra

Joana Brites is an Assistant Professor of Romanticism, Modern Art, Theory and Methodologies of Art History and Heritage Studies at the Faculty of Arts and Humanities of the University of Coimbra (UC, Portugal), where she is the Director of the Undergraduate Program Studies in Art History. She completed her master's and doctorate in Art History (field: Portuguese architecture of 20th century) at UC and during the development of the research for both academic degrees received a scholarship from the Foundation for Science and Technology. She worked as an art historian in the Office responsible for the application of the University of Coimbra for World Heritage Status. She is an Associate Researcher in the Centre for 20th Century Interdisciplinary Studies and her research focuses on the following areas: Romanticism; art of authoritarian/totalitarian regimes; "dissonant heritage" and collective memory.

Marta Barbosa-Ribeiro

Marta Barbosa Ribeiro holds a degree in Art History from the Faculty of Arts and Humanities of the University of Coimbra (2014) and a master's degree in Art History, Heritage and Cultural Tourism from the same institution (2017). She has previous training in the area of carving, conservation and restoration of wooden artefacts and has integrated the teams of several conservation and restoration workshops. At the present moment, in addition to research related activities, she teaches Tourism and Cultural and Artistic Heritage courses to tourism trainees, as well as develops intense training courses in Art History aimed at professional tourist guides.

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Publicado
2019-03-11
Sección
Artículos