El uso de señales para la atención en el arte Griego antiguo: aspectos que influencian la concentración en la obra de arte y sus elementos

  • Antonio M. Duarte Universidad de Lisboa
  • Manolis I. Stefanakis University of the Aegean
Palabras clave: atención, atención selectiva, arte Griego antiguo, psicología del arte

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio es identificar las señales para el proceso cognitivo de la atención en el arte Griego antiguo, con la intención de detectar su posible uso por los antiguos griegos (público y artistas). La evidencia de señales que desencadenan las disposiciones psicológicas de la atención se buscó mediante el análisis de contenido de reproducciones de imágenes de arte Griego antiguo (escultura y pintura de vasos desde el período arcaico hasta el período Helenístico – ca. 7º-1º siglo AC).

Por medio de este análisis fue posible observar la presencia de señales que condicionan la orientación para la obra de arte (i.e. amplificación, contraste, énfasis emocional, simplificación, simetría), de una señal que provoca una atención diseminada a las partes de la obra (i.e. distribución de los elementos) y de señales que activan una atención selectiva a las partes de la obra (i.e. contraste de los elementos, color saliente, posicionamiento central de los elementos, composición con respecto al fluir de los elementos y objetos significativos).

Los resultados apoyan la universalidad de esas disposiciones, probablemente relacionado con competencias básicas del sistema nervioso y de los procesos cognitivos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Antonio M. Duarte, Universidad de Lisboa

António M. Duarte is an Assistant Professor in Psychology of Art and in Educational Psychology at the Faculty of Psychology, University of Lisbon, Lisbon-Portugal. Responsible for the Psychology of Art course on the Master programme of the same Faculty.

Manolis I. Stefanakis, University of the Aegean

Manolis Stefanakis is an Assistant Professor in Classical Archaeology and Numismatics at the Department of Mediterranean Studies, University of the Aegean, Rhodes-Greece. Co-publisher of the Journal Eulimene: Studies in Classical Archaeology, Epigraphy, Numismatics and Papyrology, Rethymno: Mediterranean Archaeological Society, since 2000. Director of the University of the Aegean excavation in Kymissala (Rhodes) since 2006.

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Publicado
2015-09-03
Cómo citar
Duarte, A., & Stefanakis, M. (2015). El uso de señales para la atención en el arte Griego antiguo: aspectos que influencian la concentración en la obra de arte y sus elementos. Arte, Individuo Y Sociedad, 27(3), 517-535. https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_ARIS.2015.v27.n3.46654
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