Tecnologías digitales y relaciones sociales de la edad, género y clase entre adultos mayores: Un enfoque interseccional

  • Hélène Bourdeloie Université Paris 13 – Sorbonne Paris Cité / LabSIC – Labex ICCA
Palabras clave: Género, clase social, edad, interseccionalidad, tecnología digital.

Resumen

Numerosos son los trabajos que se apoyan sobre la sociología de la dominación para estudiar las desigualdades de los usos de las tecnologías numéricas, ya que éstas son a menudo, la manifestación de profundas divisiones sociales. Las teorías de la dominación de Pierre Bourdieu, tienen efectivamente el interés de mostrar que el mundo social esta estructurado por estratos según un principio de legitimidad. Aquí, el sistema de la jerarquía social se mantiene porque los dominados no lo contestan. Si la era numérica confunde las jerarquías tradicionales a causa de su carácter estático, ésta sociología presenta ciertos limites. Es por ello que proponemos de privilegiar un enfoque interseccional que permite tomar en cuenta, las relaciones de poder entre los individuos, considerando también las formas de resistencia que los animan. Una encuesta de campo realizada en Francia a personas mayores de 60 años, sirve de base al análisis. La encuesta muestra, que si las relaciones diferenciadas entre los adultos mayores a las Tecnologías digitales están relacionadas considerablemente a su pertenencia a la edad, al sexo y a la clase, la combinación de ésas categorías de análisis permiten sin embargo, configuraciones especificas que dan lugar a espacios de negociación con las normas dominantes.

Descargas

La información sobre descargas todavía no está disponible.

Citas

Allard, L. (2008). Digital natives. Blogs, fansubs, remix, user generated games between singularity, expressivity and remixability. Projections, 29-30. Actions cinema/Audiovisuel. Retrieved from http://culturesexpressives.fr/doku.php (last accessed 26 October 2018).

Anderson M. (2015). Men catch up with women on overall social media use. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/08/28/men-catch-up-with-women-on-overallsocial-media-use/ (last accessed 12 October 2018).

Anderson M. & Perrin A. (2017). Tech Adoption Climbs Among Older Adults. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/2017/05/17/tech-adoption-climbsamong-older-adults/ (last accessed 12 October 2018).

Bourdeloie, H. (2013). Expressive Digital Media and Social Relations of Gender and Class. In S. Zlitni S. & F. Liénard (Eds.), La communication électronique en questions (pp. 253-266). Bern: Peter Lang.

Bourdeloie, H. & Vicente, M. (2014). Contributing to Wikipedia : A Question of Gender. In P. Fichman & N. Hara (Eds.), Global Wikipedia: International and cross-cultural issues in online collaboration (pp. 147-160). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Bourdieu, P. (1984a). Distinction: A social critique of the judgment of taste. New York: Routledge.

Bourdieu, P. (1984b). La “jeunesse” n’est qu’un mot. Interview with A. M. Métailié. In P. Bourdieu (Ed.), Questions de sociologie (pp. 143-154). Paris: Minuit.

Bourdieu, P. (2001). Masculine domination. Standford: Standford University Press.

Caradec V. (2012). Preface. In A. Chamahian & C. Lefrançois (Eds.), Vivre les âges de la vie (pp. 11-24). Paris: L’Harmattan.

Carstensen, T. (2009). Gender Trouble in Web 2.0: Gender Relations in Social Network Sites, Wikis and Weblogs. International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology, 1, 106-127.

Collins P. H. & Bilge S. (2016). Intersectionality. Cambridge : Polity Press.

Comscore. (2010). Women on the Web. How Women are Shaping the Internet. Retrieved from http://www.digitalads.org/general%20marketing/comScore_onlinewomen_092010.pdf (last accessed 12 October 2018).

Croutte, P., Lautié & Hoibian S. (2017). Baromètre du numérique 17e edition. Credoc. Retrieved fom https://www.credoc.fr/publications/barometre-du-numerique-2017-17eme-edition (last accessed 12 October 2018).

Donnat, D. (2017). Pratiques culturelles et usages d’internet. Culture études, (3), 1-12. Retrieved from https://www.cairn.info/revue-culture-etudes-2007-3-page-1.htm (last access 31 October 2018).

Donnat, O. (1994). Les Français face à la culture. De l’exclusion à l’éclectisme. Paris: La Découverte.

Crenshaw, K. W. (1989). Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Anti-discrimination Doctrine. Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum, 139-167.

Crenshaw, K. W. (1991). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color. Stanford Law Review, 43(6), 1241-1299.

Enochsson, A. (2005). A gender perspective on Internet use: Consequences for information seeking on the net. Information Research, 10(4). Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1082040.pdf (last accessed 12 October 2018).

Fallows, D. (2005). How men and women use the Internet. Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/2005/12/28/how-women-and-menuse-the-internet/ (last access 28 October 2018).

Galerand, E. & Kergoat, D. (2014). Consubstantialité vs intersectionnalité?: À propos de l’imbrication des rapports sociaux. Nouvelles pratiques sociales, 26(2), 44-61.

Gardey, D. (2001). Mechanizing Writing and Photographing the Word: Utopias, Office Work, and Histories of Gender and Technology. History and Technology, 17, 319-35.

Granjon, F. (2005). Une approche critique de la fracture numérique. Cahier de recherche, 1, Marsouin, Brest. Retrieved from http://www.marsouin.org/IMG/pdf/Granjon_1-2005.pdf (last accessed 12 October 2018).

Granjon, F. (2009). Les usages du PC et d’Internet au sein des classes populaires. Inégalités numériques et rapports sociaux de classe, de sexe et d’âge. In F. Granjon, B. Lelong & Metzger, J. L. (Eds.). Inégalités numériques, clivages sociaux et modes d’appropriation des TIC (pp. 31-62), Paris: Hermès Lavoisier.

Hargittai, E., & Shafer, S. (2006). Differences in Actual and Perceived Online Skills: The Role of Gender. Social Science Quarterly, 87, 432-448.

Harp, D. & Tremayne, M. (2006). The gendered blogsphere: Examining inequality using network and feminist theory. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 83, 247−264.

Héran, F. (1988). La sociabilité, une pratique culturelle. Économie et statistique, 216, 3-22.

Jaunait A., Chauvin S. (2012). “Représenter l’intersection”. Les théories de l’intersectionnalité à l’épreuve des sciences sociales, Revue française de science politique, 1(62), 5-20.

Jones, S., Johnson-Yale, C., Millermaier, S. & Pérez, F. S. (2009). U.S. college students’ Internet use: Race, gender and digital divides. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 14, 244-264.

Jouët, J. (2011). Des usages de la télématique aux Internet Studies. In J. Denouël & F. Granjon (Eds.), Communiquer à l’ère numérique (pp. 45-90). Paris: Presses des Mines.

Knobloch-Westerwick, S. & Alter, S. (2007). The gender news Use Divide: Americans’ sextyped selective exposure to online news topics, Journal of Communication, 57, 739-758.

Le Douarin L. (2014). Usages des nouvelles technologies en famille. Informations sociales, 1(181). Retrieved from https://www.cairn.info/revue-informations-sociales-2014-1-page-62.htm (last accessed 30 October 2018).

Le Douarin L., & Caradec, V. (2009). Les grands-parents, leurs petits-enfants et les “nouvelles” technologies... de communication. Dialogue, 4(186), 25-35.

Michel, C., Bobillier-Chaumon, M. E & Tarpin-Bernard, F. (2009). Fracture numérique chez les seniors du 4ème âge. Observation d’une acculturation technique. Les Cahiers du Numérique, 5(1), 147-168.

Millward, P. (2003). The “grey digital divide”: Perception, exclusion and barriers access of the Internet for older people. First Monday, 8(7). Retrieved from http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1066/986 (last accessed 26 October 2018).

Nafus, D., Leach, J. & Krieger, B. (2006). Gender: Integrated. Report of Findings. Flosspols, Free/Libre and Open Source Software: Policy Support. Cambridge. Retrieved from http://flosspols.merit.unu.edu/deliverables/FLOSSPOLS-D16-Gender_Integrated_Report_of_Findings.pdf (last accessed 26 October 2018).

Paul, G. & Stegbauer, C. (2005). Is the digital divide between Young and elderly people increasing?

First Monday, 10(10). Retrieved from http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1286/1206 (last accessed 28 October 2018).

Peterson, H. (2010). The Gendered Construction of Technical Self-Confidence: Women’s Negotiated Positions in Male-Dominated, Technical Work Settings. International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology, 2(1). Retrieved from http://genderandset.open.ac.uk/index.php/genderandset/article/viewFile/61/79 (last accessed 30 October 2018).

Peterson, R. (1992). Understanding audience segmentation: From elite and mass to omnivore and univore. Poetics, 21, 243-258.

Pfefferkorn, R. (2012). Genre et rapports sociaux de sexe. Lausanne: Page deux.

Pronovost, G. (1994). Médias: éléments pour la formation des usages sociaux. Technologies de l’information et société, 6(4), 377-400.

Ragnedda, M. & Muschert, G. W. (2013). The Digital Divide. The Internet and Social Inequality in International Perspective. London and New York: Routledge.

Ricroch, L., & Roumier, B. (2011). Depuis 11 ans, moins de tâches ménagères, plus d’Internet. Insee Première, 1377. Retrieved from http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/document. asp?ref_id=ip1377 (last accessed 20 October 2018).

Scott, J. C. (1990). Domination and the Arts of Resistance. Hidden Transcripts. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Scott, W. J. (1986). Gender: A useful Category of Historical Analysis. The American Historical Review, 91(5), 1053-1075.

Singly, F. (de) (2000). Libres ensemble: l’individualisme dans la vie commune. Paris: Nathan.

Smith, A. (2014). Older Adults and Technology Use. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/2014/04/03/older-adults-and-technology-use/ (last accessed 19 October 2018).

Treas, J. & Drobnič, S. (Eds). (2010). Dividing the Domestic: Men, Women, and Household Work in Cross-national Perspective. Stanford: Standford University Press.

Turkle, S. (1986). Computational Reticence: Why Women Fear the Intimate Machine. In Kramarae C. (Ed), Technology and Women’s Voices (pp. 41-61). New York: Pergamon Press.

Van Dijk, J. (2008). The Digital Divide in Europe, The Handbook of Internet Politics. London and New York: Routledge.

Witte, J., Kiss, M. & Lynn, R. (2013). The Internet and social inequalities in the U.S. In M. Ragnedda & G. W. Muschert (Eds.). The Digital Divide. The Internet and Social Inequality in International Perspective (pp. 67-84). London and New York: Routledge.

Zickuhr, K. & Smith, A. (2012). Digital differences. Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/2012/04/13/digital-differences/ (last accessed 18 October 2018).

Publicado
2018-12-04
Sección
Artículos