¿Democratizando la intersectionalidad? estructuras participativas y políticas de igualdad en Portugal

Alba Alonso Alvarez, Catarina Arnaut

Resumen


Los estudios referidos a la interseccionalidad han realizado gran hincapié en la necesidad de que este enfoque de actuación se implemente de manera participativa. El caso de Portugal ha sido de especial interés dado que dicho país se caracteriza por una larga tradición en materia de incorporar a la sociedad civil en el proceso de elaboración de las políticas de igualdad. Este artículo revisa el caso portugués con el objeto de analizar los avances más recientes en este ámbito. En primer lugar, se describe el enfoque coordinado y participativo aplicado hasta la fecha para abordar las desigualdades. El análisis se centra en las políticas de lucha contra la violencia de género para explorar los últimos desarrollos al respecto. Dichas políticas han sido ampliadas con el objeto de abordar la situación de las mujeres que se encuentran en la intersección de varias desigualdades, y los actores de la sociedad civil han tenido una participación activa en dicho proceso. En concreto, las actuaciones en materia de mutilación genital femenina nos sirven para ilustrar como las estructuras participativas contribuyen al desarrollo de un enfoque interseccional. El análisis del caso portugués permite así reflexionar sobre los beneficios y los riesgos de democratizar la interseccionalidad.


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