¿A quién le importa? Las familias transnacionales en los debates sobre la migración y el desarrollo

  • Ninna Nyberg Sorensen Instituto Danés para Estudios Internacionales
  • Ida Marie Vammen Instituto Danés para Estudios Internacionales
Palabras clave: Migración, desarrollo, relaciones familiares transnacionales, género, cadenas globales de cuidado

Resumen

La migración internacional pone en marcha una serie de procesos transnacionales significativos que conectan países y personas. Desde el inicio del nuevo milenio, el modo en como la migración interactúa con el desarrollo, y cómo las políticas públicas pueden promover y enriquecer tales interacciones, han captado la atención de la agenda internacional. Forma parte de este debate reconocer que las prácticas transnacionales conectan a los migrantes y a sus familias a través de sociedades que envían y reciben personas. Sin embargo, siguen sin explorarse las maneras por medio de las cuales el debate político utiliza y comprende esos lazos familiares transnacionales. Este artículo pretende aproximarse a la comprensión de estas familias situándolas en dos debates, frecuentemente entremezclados, relacionados con las interacciones transnacionales. El primero remite al discurso estatal y político sobre los beneficios potenciales de la migración en el desarrollo económico. El segundo se refiere a las familias transnacionales, y se centra en los cuidados y en las micro-políticas de género y generacionales, cuestiones estas a las que se ha dedicado una gran literatura académica. Focalizando la atención en la relación entre las diversas dinámicas de desarrollo migratorio y las posiciones familiares específicas, nos preguntamos, más concretamente, si la elección de un punto de partida analítico con respecto a la maternidad, la paternidad o la niñez transnacionales puede vincularse con el énfasis en un determinado tipo de resultados. Concluimos, haciendo una descripción de distintas inclusiones o exclusiones de los asuntos familiares en el discurso político, y sugerimos formas para integrar de una manera más adecuada la perspectiva de la familia transnacional en las políticas públicas de migración y desarrollo a nivel global.

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Publicado
2016-05-18