To disclose or not to disclose? Communication between mothers with cancer and their young children

  • Ana Luísa Kenne Dornel Centro de Ciências da Saúde
  • Miguel Luis Alves de Souza Centro de Ciências da Saúde
  • Elisa Kern de Castro Centro de Ciências da Saúde
Palabras clave: Cáncer, comunicación, maternidad, madre-hijo, oncología


Objectivo: comprender cómo madres con cáncer se comunican sobre su enfermedad con sus hijos. Método: diseño cualitativo. Diez madres participaron de una entrevista semi-estructurada sobre sus experiencias de revelación de la enfermedad a sus hijos pequeños. Las entrevistas fueron grabadas en audio y transcritas. Resultados: dos temas principales fueron identificados, y el segundo tema contiene tres sub-temas: 1) el cáncer fue revelado a los niños; 2) el cáncer no fue revelado a los niños; 2.1 no reveló al niño y no hay la intención de hacerlo; 2.2 no reveló al niño pero hay planos de hacerlo en el futuro; y 2.3 reveló al niño pero cree que él sabe sobre la enfermedad. Las madres que lograron mantener un diálogo sincero con sus niños fuerte cercanía afectiva con sus hijos. Conclusiones: Los hallazgos pueden ser útiles para comprender y planear estrategias de comunicación que favorezcan el vínculo madre-hijo y que contribuyan de manera positiva al tratamiento de las madres con cáncer.


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