La antigua Roma y las zoonosis

Víctor Briones Dieste

Resumen


La antigua Roma era una ciudad insalubre y molesta, alejada de nuestra imagen idealizada de palacios, estatuas y templos, que no eran lo mayoritario. La vida diaria se realizaba en gran parte en un medio insano de hacinamiento, malnutrición y pobreza, en el que existía un alto riesgo de contaminación directa o indirecta del agua y los alimentos con materia fecal humana y animal. La formación de encharcamientos y la contaminación de fuentes y ríos con detritos que favorecían a los patógenos y vectores era una constante. La falta de una limpieza mínima de calles y alcantarillados y la presencia de multitud de animales –insectos incluidos– en las calles y las viviendas sucedían de continuo. Estos y otros factores de riesgo generaban un ambiente óptimo tanto para la aparición de grandes epidemias como para el mantenimiento de enfermedades transmisibles endémicas, incluidas las zoonosis.

Citas


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