Cuestionarios de atención espiritual en cuidados paliativos: revisión de la evidencia para su aplicación clínica

  • Amparo Oliver Consultor senior en Cuidados Paliativos
  • Enric Benito Consultor senior en Cuidados Paliativos
  • Noemí Sansó Departamento de Enfermería y Fisioterapia de la Universidad de las Islas Baleares. Cta. Valldemossa 7.5 Km. Palma de Mallorca, 07122, Mallorca, España
  • Laura Galiana Departamento de Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento de la Universitat de València. Av. Blasco Ibáñez, 21, 46010, Valencia, España
Palabras clave: Cuidados Paliativos, espiritualidad, cuestionarios, propiedades psicométricas, acompañamiento espiritual.

Resumen

Objetivo: Revisar los cuestionarios de evaluación de necesidades y recursos espirituales en cuidados paliativos más recientes y evaluar su aplicabilidad clínica en nuestro entorno.

Método: Revisión sistemática, siguiendo las guías PRISMA de las publicaciones realizadas durante 2015-2016 de trabajos sobre espiritualidad. Los artículos debían estar centrados en el cuidado espiritual o la evaluación de la espiritualidad, basados en población de cuidados paliativos; y sometidos a revisión por pares.

Resultado: de los 42 artículos identificados, tras evaluación independiente de dos observadores, 15 cumplieron criterios de selección. Estos se analizan respecto sus características, propiedades psicométricas y aplicabilidad.

Conclusiones: La necesidad de mejorar la atención espiritual en el proceso de morir ha llevado a la aparición de múltiples herramientas de evaluación y acompañamiento espiritual. Su uso debe ponderarse con la experiencia del clínico y su aplicabilidad según el entorno cultural en el que se ha construido y sus propiedades psicométrica

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Cómo citar
Oliver, A., Benito, E., Sansó, N., & Galiana, L. (1). Cuestionarios de atención espiritual en cuidados paliativos: revisión de la evidencia para su aplicación clínica. Psicooncología, 13(2-3), 385-397. https://doi.org/10.5209/PSIC.54443
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