New wild Brassica oleracea L. germplasm at its western distribution limit in the Iberian Peninsula

Jaime Fagúndez, María Elena Cartea, Margarita Lema


An exploration and collection mission for wild Brassica oleracea populations was carried out in spring and summer of 2013. The aim of this collection was to expand the number of accessions of wild Brassica oleracea available for basic and applied research in plant breeding. In this paper we report a new accession of wild Brassica oleracea in an unexplored coastal area of Galicia, NW Iberian Peninsula. Details of population ecology and vegetation, soil, climate and geographic data were recorded for this population. The “Endangered” threat category for the region is proposed, and actions for in situ and ex situ conservation are proposed. Seeds will be added to the germplasm collections of University of Santiago de Compostela and Misión Biológica de Galicia (CSIC) for further research on diverse aspects of the dynamics and ecophysiology of the population along with characterization and evaluation of useful traits.


Branca, F. & Cartea, M.E. —2011— Brassica — In: Kole, C. (Ed.).Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources. Oilseeds. Pp. 17-36. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg.

Carballeira, A., Devesa, C., Retuerto, R., Santillan, E. & Ucieda, F. —1983— Bioclimatología de Galicia. Fund. Pedro Barrié de La Maza, A Coruña.

Cartea, M.E., Lema, M., Francisco, M. & Velasco, P. — 2011— Basic Information on Vegetable Brassica Crops — In: Sadowski, J. & Kole, C. (Eds.). Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Vegetable Brassicas. Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Crop Plants. Pp. 1- 33. Sci. Publ., Enfield.

Díaz González, T.E. —2009— Characterization of Natural habitats of Community interest (Natura 2000) existing in the Principality of Asturias. I: Halophilic coastal habitats (dunes, cliffs and salt marshes) — Bol. Ci. Nat. RIDEA 50: 223-280.

Fagúndez, J. & Barrada, M. —2007— Plantas invasoras de Galicia. Bioloxía, distribución e métodos de control — Cons. Medio Amb., Xunta de Galicia, Santiago de Compostela.

Fagúndez, J., Juan, R., Fernández, I., Pastor, J. & Izco, J. —2010— Systematic relevance of seed coat anatomy in the European heathers — Ericeae, Ericaceae) — Plant Syst. Evol. 284(1-2): 65-76.

FAO —2006— Guidelines for soil description — Fourth ed. FAO, Rome.

FAO, ISRIC, ISSS —1998— World reference base for soil resources. 84 World soil resources reports — FAO, Rome.

Fernandez-Prieto, J.A. & Herrera-Gallastegui, M. — 1992— Brassica oleracea L.: distribución y ecología en las costas atlánticas ibéricas — Lazaroa 13: 121-128.

Fernández Prieto, J.A., Díaz González, T.E. & Nava Fernández, H.S. —2007— La protección de la flora vascular del Principado de Asturias — Naturalia Cantabricae 3: 37-56.

Gómez-Campo, C. —1995— Brassica L. — In: Castroviejo, S. & al. (Eds.). Flora Iberica, 8. Pp. 362- 384. R. Jard. Bot., CSIC, Madrid.

Gómez-Campo, C., Aguinagalde, I., Ceresuela, J.L., Lazaro, A., Martínez-Laborde, J.B., Parra-Quijano, M., Simonetti, E., Torres, E. & Tortosa, M.E. —2005— An exploration of wild Brassica oleracea L. germplasm in northern Spain — Genet. Resour. Crop Ev. 52 (1): 7-13.

Gustafsson, M. & Lanner-Herrera, C. —1997— Overview of the Brassica oleracaea complex: their distribution and ecological specificities — In: Valdes, B., Heywood, V.H., Raimondo, F.M. & Zohary, D. (Eds.). Workshops on the Conservation of the Wild Relatives of European Cultivated Plants. Univ. Palermo, Palermo.

Holubec, V., Uzundzhalieva, K., Vörösváry, G., Donnini, D., Bulinska, Z. & Strajeru, S. —2011— Brassica oleracea — In: IUCN 2013, IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, ver. 2013.1.

Jiménez-Alfaro, B., Bueno, A. & Fernández Prieto, J.A. — 2007— Valoración de plantas de interés para la conservación en Asturias a través de un Índice de Responsabilidad — Natur. Cant. 3: 25-36.

Mei, J., Li, Q., Yang, X., Qian, L., Liu, L., Yin, J., Frauen, M., Li, J. & Qian, W. —2010— Genomic relationships between wild and cultivated Brassica oleracea L. with emphasis on the origination of cultivated crops — Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 57 (5): 687-692.

Merino, B. —1905— Flora descriptiva e ilustrada de Galicia, vol I — Tipografía Galaica, Santiago de Compostela.

Mitchell, N.D. —1976 —The status of Brassica oleracea subsp. oleracea —wild cabbage— in the British Isles—. Watsonia 11: 97-103.

Mitchell, N.D. & Richards, A.J. —1978— Variation in Brassica oleracea subsp. oleracea (wild cabbage) detected by picrate test — New Phytol. 81(1): 189-200.

Mitchell, N.D. & Richards, A.J. —1979— Biological flora of the British Isles — Brassica oleracea L. — J. Ecol. 67 (3): 1087-1096.

Newton, E., Bullock, J.M. & Hodgson, D. —2010— Temporal consistency in herbivore responses to glucosinolate polymorphism in populations of wild cabbage - Brassica oleracea — Oecologia 164 (3): 689-699.

Ordás, A. & Cartea, M.E. —2008— Cabbage and kale — In: Prohens, J. & Nuez, F. (Eds.). Vegetables I. Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Chenopodicaceae, and Cucurbitaceae. Handbook of Plant Breeding, vol 1. Pp. 119-149. Springer, New York.

Papadakis, J. —1966— Climates of the World and their Agricultural Potentialities — J. Papadakis, Buenos Aires.

Rigueiro Rodríguez, A. —1977— Trabajo botánico sobre las Islas Cíes — Publ. Min. Agric., Madrid

Rivas-Martínez, S., Díaz, T.E., Fernández-González, F., Izco, J., Loidi, J., Lousã, M. & Penas, A. —2002— Vascular plant communities of Spain and Portugal. Addenda to the Syntaxonomical checklist of 2001 — Itinera Geobot. 15(1-2): 5-922.

Snogerup, S., Gustafsson, M., von Bothmer, R. —1990— Brassica sect. Brassica, Brassicaceae, I. Taxonomy and variation — Willdenowia 19: 271-365.

Tauleigne Gomes, C. —2002— Nouvelles citations pour la flore de l’archipel des Berlengas (Estremadura, Portugal) — Acta Bot. Malacitana 27: 261-268.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 0210-9778
ISSN-e 1988-3307

© . Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Biblioteca Complutense | Ediciones Complutense