El Trabajo Social en Inglaterra: ¿el principio y fin de una profesión para la justicia social?

María Inés Martínez Herrero

Resumen


Este artículo ofrece una discusión sobre el trabajo social en Inglaterra, país que se encuentra a la vanguardia del neoliberalismo, tanto a nivel de la estructura económica nacional como de la incorporación de nociones y prácticas neoliberales en el Trabajo Social. Para ello, se analizan en primer lugar los conceptos de “neoliberalismo” e “ideología neoliberal” y se explica a continuación en qué consiste y cómo se ha desarrollado en Inglaterra el “trabajo social neoliberal”. Por último, el artículo ofrece una breve discusión sobre algunas de las iniciativas y propuestas para la resistencia al neoliberalismo que se están desarrollando en el país y algunas conclusiones sobre la temática, destacando la importancia de tratar de evitar en otros países algunas de las circunstancias han llevado al trabajo social en Inglaterra a convertirse, en gran medida, en una profesión de control social al servicio de los intereses de los gobiernos “neoliberales” que se han sucedido desde los años 80 en este país.

 

This paper offers a discussion about social work in England, which is at the forefront of neoliberalism, both at the level of the national economic structure and regarding the incorporation of neoliberal notions into the social work profession. To this end, it firstly analyses the concepts of “neoliberalism” and “neoliberal ideology”.  It explains next what “neoliberal social work” involves and how this has been developed in England. Finally, the article offers a brief discussion on some of the initiatives and proposals for resistance to neoliberalism being developed in the country and it offers some conclusions on the subject, highlighting the importance of trying to avoid in other countries some of the circumstances which have led social work in England to become, to a large extent, a profession for social control at the service of the interests of “neoliberal” governments of the country since the 1980s.


Citas


Ander-Egg E. (1972) El trabajo social como acción liberadora: Fondo Editorial Común.

Bamford T. (2015) A Contemporary History of Social Work. Learning from the past., Bristol Policy Press.

Banks S. (2006) Ethics and values in social work, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Beveridge SW. (1942) Social insurance and allied services, London: H.M. Stationery Office.

C.R.E. (1999) The Bologna Declaration on the European space for higher education: an explanation.

Carey M y Foster V. (2011) Social work, ideology, discourse and the limits of post-hegemony. Journal of Social Work 13: 248-266.

De la Red N y Brezmes M. (2009) Trabajo Social en España. En: Fernández García T y Alemán Bracho C (eds) Introducción al trabajo social. Madrid: Alianza, 131-152.

Dominelli L and Khan P. (2000) The impact of globalization on social work in the UK. European Journal of Social Work 3: 95-108.

Dominelli L. (2010) Social work in a globalizing world: Polity Press.

Eroles C. (1997) Derechos humanos: compromiso ético del trabajo social. En: Eroles C, Fóscolo N y Camín MCGd (eds) Los Derechos Humanos: Compromiso ético del Trabajo Social.

Ferguson I. (2008) Reclaiming social work: Challenging neo-liberalism and promoting social justice: Sage Publications Ltd.

Ferguson I. (2010) ‘I didn’t come into social work for this!’: managerialism, modernisation and alternative futures. Irish Social Worker: 12-16.

Finn JL y Jacobson M. (2003) Just Practice: Steps toward a new social work paradigm. Journal of Social Work Education 39: 57-78.

Gove M. (2013) Michael Gove speech to the NSPCC: getting it right for children in need. En: Education Df (ed).

Higgins M. (2015) The struggle for the soul of social work in England. Social Work Education 34: 4-16.

IASSW y IFSW. (2004) Ethics in Social Work, Statement of Principles. Disponible: http://www.ifsw.org/f38000032.html.

IFSW y IASSW. (2014) Global Definition of Social Work. Disponible: http://ifsw.org/get-involved/global-definition-of-social-work/.

Ife J. (2001) Local and global practice: Relocating social work as a human rights profession in the new global order. European Journal of Social Work 4: 5-15.

Ife J. (2008) Human Rights and Social Work: Towards rights-based practice, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Ioakimidis V, Santos CC y Herrero IM. (2014) Reconceptualizing social work in times of crisis: An examination of the cases of Greece, Spain and Portugal. International Social Work 57: 285-300.

Jones C. (2005) The Neo-Liberal Assault: Voices from the Front Line of British State Social Work. En: Ferguson I, Lavalette M y Withmore E (eds) Globalisation, Global Justice and Social Work, London: Routledge.

Jones C. (2011) The best and worst of times: reflections on the impact of radicalism on British social work education in the 1970s. En: Lavalette M (ed) Radical Social Work Today.

Jordan B y Drakeford M. (2012) Social work and social policy under austerity, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Lavalette M. (2011) Radical social work today. Social work at the crossroads. Bristol: Policy Press.

Lundy C. (2011) Social Work, Social Justice, and Human Rights: A Structural Approach to Practice: University of Toronto Pr Higher education.

Méndez-Bonito P. (2005) The history of social work education in Spain: Does harmonisation make sense? Portularia vol. V, 1:223-237.

Méndez Fernández AB, Leal Freire B, Martínez Rodríguez M, et al. (2006) Aprehendiendo a respetar: La perspectiva de Derechos Humanos como elemento fundamental en la formación y práctica del trabajo social. Acciones e Investigaciones sociales 1: 460-487.

Oxfam (2016) How to Close Great Britain’s Great Divide: The business of tackling inequality. Disponible en http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/how-to-close-great-britains-great-divide-the-business-of-tackling-inequality-620059

Payne M. (2005) The Origins of Social Work. Continuity and Change., Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sims D. (2003) Social Work Education in England and Spain: a Comparison of Contemporary Developments. Educate 3.

Tropman JE. (1985) The “catholic ethic” Vs the “protestant ethic”: Catholic social service and the welfare state. Social Thought 12: 13-22.

Vázquez O. et al. (2004) Libro Blanco del Título de Grado en Trabajo Social. Madrid: ANECA.

Weinstein J. (2011) Case Con and radical social work in the 1970s: the impatient revolutionaries. En: Lavalette M (ed) Radical Social Work Today. Bristol: Policy Press.

Wronka J and Staub-Bernasconi S. (2012) Human Rights. En: Lyons KH, Hokenstad T, Pawar M, et al. (eds) The Sage Handbook of International Social Work. London: Sage.

Younghusband EL. (1981) The newest profession: a short history of social work: IPC Business Press.


Texto completo: PDF

Refbacks

  • No hay Refbacks actualmente.





Cuadernos de Trabajo Social
ISSN 0214-0314
ISSN-e 1988-8295

© . Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Biblioteca Complutense | Ediciones Complutense